Search this website. You can use fund codes to locate specific funds

As a merger revives the US energy sector, are there more deals in the pipeline?

Last week, US oil major Chevron announced plans to buy its smaller peer Anadarko. Today, we explore the theme of consolidation in the energy sector and ask: will the deal presage a new buying spree in the Permian Basin?

Key points:

  • The proposed Chevron-Anadarko merger highlights the strategic importance of scale and lower costs in an inherently volatile commodities environment.
  • We believe consolidation in energy space will continue.
  • As such, we think it is important to own energy names that are attractive both on their own and as potential beneficiaries of this trend.

A wave of M&A activity has been expected in the US oil and gas industry for some time. However, until last week, a lack of deal activity in the sector prompted investors to question the consolidation theme.

On 12 April, oil major Chevron announced its intention to acquire US exploration and production company Anadarko, for an enterprise value of $50bn1. The deal values the equity at $33bn, which Chevron will fund with shares ($25bn) and cash ($8bn)2 – and it is the first large M&A deal from a major integrated oil company since the decline in crude prices began in 20143.

The importance of scale in an industry inherent with cash flow volatility

Anadarko’s acquisition will strengthen Chevron’s business by adding more than 10bn barrels in the Permian Basin, deep-water Gulf of Mexico and Anadarko’s Mozambique LNG project.

The new enlarged entity is set to become the largest Permian Basin producer and the second largest producer of US shale oil. Indeed, as shale is shorter-cycle and thereby less risky than mega projects, Chevron’s move is an effort to high-grade its operating portfolio.

In addition, the combined company is expected to deliver annual synergies of approximately $2bn – that’s compromised of $1bn operational savings and $1bn capital efficiencies4.

In our view, this transaction highlights the strategic importance of scale, lower costs and efforts to de-risk operations in an inherently volatile commodities environment.

Further consolidation is on the horizon

We believe consolidation in energy space will continue in the following ways:

  • larger, better capitalised companies will acquire smaller shale or offshore players to create more contiguous acreage positions; or
  • smaller companies will merge to benefit from larger scale developments5.

To our mind, further consolidation would allow companies to lower costs and accelerate the transition to growth through cash flow – a dominant theme in the energy sector since autumn 2017 (see our commentary Back in black: The energy sector’s cash flow focus is good for credit).

In addition, valuation multiples for some energy companies are potentially still attractive, given their underperformance against the S&P 500 and the oil rally this year (see Figure 1).

Figure 1: Anadarko has underperformed the S&P 500 in 2019

Source: Bloomberg as at April 2019.

Global credit markets are wide open, particularly for high-quality energy issuers

To fund the transaction, Chevron will need about $8bn of cash along with $2.5bn of maturities in 20196. And while the company had $9.4bn of cash at the end of 20187, we would not be surprised if it decided to tap unsecured capital markets to fund a portion of the deal (historically Chevron has operated with a high cash balance).

What’s more, as Chevron has a strong credit profile (Aa2 Stable from Moody’s), we do not expect the company to have any problems in accessing unsecured debt capital markets. In fact, our view can be further supported by Saudi Aramco’s inaugural $12bn issuance earlier this month, which was approximately 10x oversubscribed8

Why is the deal positive for energy credit?

The Chevron-Anadarko merger announcement reaffirmed that the consolidation theme is still very much in play in the energy sector. On the day, it was very well received in both credit and equity markets, with the majority of US investment grade issuers trading 10-30bps tighter, high yield issuers up 0.5-2bps and Permian-exposed equities rallying 8-10%.

As previously mentioned, we see more consolidation in the energy sector. We believe that it is important to own names that are attractive both on their own and as potential beneficiaries of the consolidation trend. These include:

  • current holding Plains All American (PAA), a midstream company that benefits from growing volumes in the Permian Basin;
  • one of our holdings Hess, an exploration and production company that has an offshore joint venture with Exxon in Guyana; and
  • WPX Energy, another exploration and production company we invest in with high quality acreage in the Permian Basin.

Of course, the Chevron-Anadarko deal raises the inevitable question of who’s next. The transaction has undoubtedly reinvigorated the energy industry – and so, we will watch this space. 

Risk profile
  • This document is published solely for informational purposes and is not to be construed as a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any securities or related financial instruments. 
  1. 1“Chevron announces agreement to acquire Anadarko,” published by Chevron on 12 April 2019.
  2. 2“Chevron announces agreement to acquire Anadarko,” published by Chevron on 12 April 2019.
  3. 3“Chevron agrees $50bn takeover of Anadarko Petroleum,” published by the Financial Times on 12 April 2019.
  4. 4“Chevron announces agreement to acquire Anadarko,” published by Chevron on 12 April 2019.
  5. 5“Carrizo Oil Weighs Deal with Rival Explorer SM Energy”, published by Bloomberg on 18 March 2019.
  6. 6“2019 annual report,” published by Chevron in April 2019.
  7. 7“2019 annual report,” published by Chevron in April 2019.
  8. 8“Aramco sells $12bn bonds out of record $100bn demand,” published by Reuters on 9 April 2019.

More Insights

Delta: positive returns from returners
We discuss the joys and challenges of being a working parent, and the flexibility required to perform.
360° – Fixed Income Report, Q2 2019
Where next after the market's fall and rise?
End-of-bull market rumours may be exaggerated
Turbulence, disruption and uncertainty have always provided instances of opportunity for the savvy fixed income investor.
360° Fixed income report Q4 2018
Being a perma-bear is a little like a football coach selecting proven yet underperforming players and tactics in a season of poor results: changing course is difficult once you’ve invested a lot in a team roster and strategy, even though most enthusiasts understand that the game has moved on. But there is a key difference: the perma-bears know that the longer they are wrong, the more likely they are to be correct tomorrow. We should therefore not ignore perma-bears, while also trying to avoid the trap of being wrong for the wrong reasons.
360° - Fixed Income Report, Q3 2018
When I started writing this launch issue of 360°, I aimed to provide catchy, easy-to-understand predictions followed by non-consensus opinions that would grab your attention. Unfortunately, I can’t give you either: disappointingly, my core views are currently profoundly vanilla. A summary of my core views is as follows: Credit fundamentals and affordability are positive.  Having been stretched, valuations are now more attractive and the relative value of credit against equities appears favourable. Technicals are severely stretched in certain credit sectors, but are broadly neutral or positive. The complexity and illiquidity premia of certain sectors and instruments still offer significant value for investors with the required access and tolerance for risk.
Four factors keeping oil markets in check
The fragility of oil prices has been tested by a confluence of factors over the past month. In this investment note, Audra Stundziaite, Senior Credit Analyst at Hermes Investment Management, identifies the four fundamental factors likely to keep global oil markets finely balanced over the medium term. By remaining cognisant of associated risks, she argues investors should be able to successfully navigate through this environment. After three months of relative stability, WTI oil prices dropped more than 10% in March, prompted by persistently high US inventories and confusion related to Saudi Arabia’s February production levels. Prices rebounded in late March and early April on signs of inventory draws, as well as more constructive headlines regarding the upcoming OPEC meeting and rising geopolitical tensions in the Middle East. This price volatility has reminded investors of global oil market fragility and the importance of appropriate positioning. We maintain our view of range bound oil prices at $45-55 a barrel, as the four factors below are likely to continue influencing the delicate rebalancing act within global oil markets.