The portfolio is subjected to two levels of risk analysis. First, MultiFRAME, our proprietary risk-management system, assesses top-down market risk. It has the flexibility to stress-test the portfolio, interpret how it would respond to different market environments and measure its exposure to any quantifiable risk. Second, we perform a bottom-up ‘sense check’ to ensure that the model has accurately assessed the nuances of each potential investment. At this stage, the ESG Dashboard, another proprietary tool, alerts us to stock-specific environmental, social and governance risks not typically covered in fundamental analysis of companies.